Influences on Javanese Cuisine
Compared to the spicy and curry-like cuisine of Sumatra that is heavily influenced by Indian and Arabic cooking, Javanese cuisine has had a relatively indigenous development , with influences from China. However, Javanese cuisine in different areas show different foreign influences – for example : Chinese influences in Semarang, Yogyakarta and Cirebon ; Indian and Arabic influences in Surabaya, Lamongan, and Gresik ; and European influences in Solo and Malang.
Javanese cuisine may also have contributed and influenced foreign cuisines. Javanese Botok, for example, has influenced the South African Bobotie dish. Because of the dispersion of Javanese people outside of Indonesia, the Javanese cuisine has influenced the cuisine of Suriname, and has contributed significantly to the food of Johor. Malaysian-Javanese dishes such as Nasi Ambeng, Soto Ayam, Pecel, Tempe and Sambal Tempe are popular in Malaysia.