Armenian cuisine includes the foods and cooking techniques of the Armenian people, the Armenian diaspora and traditional Armenian foods and dishes. The cuisine reflects the history and geography where Armenians have lived as well as incorporating outside influences. The cuisine also reflects the traditional crops and animals grown and raised in areas populated by Armenians.
The preparation of meat, fish, and vegetable dishes in an Armenian kitchen requires stuffing, frothing, and pureeing. Lamb, eggplant, mayonnaise, yoghurt, and bread (lavash) are basic features of Armenian cuisine. Armenians use cracked wheat (burghul) in preference to the maize and rice popular among their Caucasian neighbours (Georgia and Azerbaijan).
Yoghurt is not just for smoothies or frozen treats. In the Middle-East and Mediterranean, yoghurt is a staple in the diet. It is served as a side dish, appetiser, marinade and dessert. It is consumed for breakfast, lunch and dinner. And, it is also used in drinks.
Lavash is a soft, thin unleavened flatbread made in a tandoor and eaten all over the South Caucasus, Western Asia and the areas surrounding the Caspian Sea. Lavash is one of the most widespread types of bread in Armenia, Azerbaijan, Iran and Turkey.
Mutabal is a traditional Middle Eastern eggplant dip. The eggplants are usually grilled on a barbecue which gives them a nice smoky flavour but you can also roast them in the oven. Mutabal is traditionally served as an appetiser with some Lebanese bread or as a side sauce with grilled meat. This is an easy cool dip perfect with meat dishes and summer meals.
Torshi liteh is made with eggplants and herbs (parsley, coriander, mint, tarragon, basil). Eggplants are baked in the oven, put in a glass jar with herbs and vinegar, and stored in a cool, dry place for two to three months.
Measurements can differ from country to country, so below we have outlined the measurements that we use at Aussie Taste. There is a dropdown selector you can use to have the recipe converted between metric and imperial. Most recipes have temperatures converted also.
Oven temperatures are for conventional; if using fan-forced (convection), reduce the temperature by 20°C.
Australian spoons and cups: 1 teaspoon equals 5 ml; 1 dessertspoon equals 15 ml; 1 tablespoon equals 20 ml; 1 cup equals 250 ml.
All herbs are fresh (unless specified) and cups are lightly packed.
All vegetables are medium size and peeled, unless specified.