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National Dishes

A dish can become a national dish for a variety of reasons. It can be the national dish because it is a staple daily food for the majority of the population. It can also be the national dish because it represents the regions and ethnicities of the whole country. In addition, it can be the national dish because it incorporates locally produced ingredients. National dishes are part of a nation’s identity and self-image. During the age of European empire-building, nations consciously developed a national cuisine as a matter of distinction from their rivals.

Israeli Salad

Israeli Salad

Israeli salad is made of chopped raw tomato, onion and cucumber, and can also include pepper, carrot, spring onion (scallion), leafy greens and parsley. The salad is dressed with either fresh lemon juice or olive oil, or both.

Adjarian Khachapuri

Khachapuri

Khachapuri is a traditional Georgian dish of cheese-filled bread. The bread is leavened and allowed to rise, and is shaped in various ways, usually with cheese in the middle and a crust which is ripped off and used to dip in the cheese.

Musakhan

Musakhan – Sumac Chicken with Sautéed Onions

The dish is simple to make and the ingredients needed are easily obtainable, which may account for the dish’s popularity. Many of the ingredients used — olive oil, sumac and pine nuts — are frequently found in Jordan cuisine. The dish is also popular in levant, particularly among Jordanians.

Peking Duck - Beijing Roast Duck

Peking Duck – Beijing Roast Duck

The national dish of China, this dish is considered a delicacy due to its complex preparation and intense flavours. Since the Yuan Dynasty established by Kublai Khan, the process for preparing Peking Duck is rooted in tradition and has been perfected over thousands of years.

Sinigang na Isda - Filipino Fish Sour Soup

Sinigang na Isda – Filipino Fish Sour Soup

Few cuisines value sourness quite as much as Filipino. Whether from vinegar, citrus, or unripe fruits, sourness adds sparkle, helping balance intensely fishy flavours and rich, fatty meats. The Philippines’ quintessential sour dish is sinigang, a seafood soup that usually relies on tamarind pulp for tartness.

Falafel

Falafel

Falafel is a deep-fried ball or patty made from ground chickpeas, fava beans, or both. Falafel is a traditional Middle Eastern food, usually served in a pita, which acts as a pocket, or wrapped in a flatbread known as lafa; “falafel” also frequently refers to a wrapped sandwich that is prepared in this way.

Mansaf Lamb in Yoghurt Sauce

Mansaf – Lamb in Yoghurt Sauce

Mansaf is a traditional Jordanian and Palestinian dish made of lamb cooked in a sauce of fermented dried yoghurt and served with rice or bulgur. It is the national dish of Jordan. To a lesser degree it is also found in parts of Iraq, Syria, and Saudia Arabia.

Injera Flat Bread

Injera – Ethiopian Flat Bread

Injera, sometimes transliterated enjera; is a yeast-risen flatbread with a unique, slightly spongy texture. Traditionally made out of teff flour, it is a national dish in Ethiopia and Eritrea. A similar variant is eaten in Somalia (where it is called canjeelo or lahooh) and Yemen (where it is known as lahoh).

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