Menu Close

Hāngi

Hāngi is a traditional New Zealand Māori method of cooking food using heated rocks buried in a pit oven still used for special occasions.

Hangi cooked
Preparation of a modern hangi for tourists at Mitai Maori Village, Rotorua.

To “lay a hāngi” or “put down a hāngi” involves digging a pit in the ground, heating stones in the pit with a large fire, placing baskets of food on top of the stones, and covering everything with earth for several hours before uncovering (or lifting) the hāngi. There are many variations and details that can be altered. Hāngi “experts” have developed and improved methods that often, like the stones themselves, have been handed down for generations. Another name sometimes used is umu, for instance the umu tī, used in the South Island to cook Cabbage trees (Cordyline australis).

The evolution of hāngi methods

Evidence from early Polynesian settler sites in New Zealand such as Wairau Bar and in coastal Otago Peninsula from about 1280 shows a significant number of large cooking pits or umu which were designed to cook Ti-pore or various species of Cordyline. This was a common east Polynesian practice in the Cook Islands and Society Islands. The remains of large umu have also been found in the Kermadec Islands. The .900 long, carrot shaped tap root was cooked in a large stone lined pit for between 1 and 2 days. Various sources say it was baked while some say steamed. The result was a fibrous mass of sweet pulp that had a bitter after taste. Investigation in Otago shows that most pits were used only once or perhaps twice before making a new pit.

Some sources say the longer the cooking, the sweeter the pulp. This may have been due to the evaporation of the water content.

Hangi ingredients
Hangi ingredients

The distinguishing feature of a Ti- pore was its large size compared to a normal cooking earth oven. Prior to colonisation and the introduction of metals and wire, food was laid out on clean sticks, bark, large leaves and other vegetation to minimize direct contact with the hot rocks and reduce burning. Carved bowls and flat rocks were also used for this purpose. Leaves, sticks and vegetation were used to cover the food and to prevent crushing from the weight of the earth on top. Many different hāngi methods are now used. Wire baskets became widely used in the early 19th century with sacking and cloth replacing leaves and bark as the covering of choice. In the early 21st century, gas heated stainless steel “hāngi machines” are sometimes used to replicate the style of cooking without the need for a wood fire, rocks and a pit.

Video – How to prepare and cook a Hangi

Massey University staff and students prepare a tradition Māori feast or Hangi. This video is a step-by-step guide on how to prepare and cook a Hangi.

Comments via Facebook

You might also like :

Subscribe
Notify of
guest
0 Comments
Inline Feedbacks
View all comments
0
Would love your thoughts, please comment.x
()
x
Send this to a friend
Hi There - We notice that you have an ad-blocker
Plenty of visitors do. All we ask is that you please consider sharing us or commenting on the post as a nice gesture.
Thank you for visiting The Taste of Aussie
Your Information will never be shared with any third party.
OR
Cooking is Easy
Do you like lobsters? We teach chefs to cook better. Subscribe now and get a free invitation to our cooking class!
We never share your data with 3rd parties.
2018 (С) All rights reserved.
Simple.
This is Photoshop's version of Lorem Ipsum. Proin gravida nibh vel velit auctor aliquet. Aenean sollicitudin, lorem quis bibendum auctor, nisi elit consequat ipsum.
2018 (C) All rights reserved.
{loginbox-username}
{loginbox-password}
{loginbox-remember}
{loginbox-submit}
Enter Your Details
Remember Me
Got Freebies?
Designer? Try our weekly freebies pack! Subscribe now and we will send you this week’s pack immediately.
Your Email
2016 (С) All rights reserved.
Enter Your Account
{loginbox-username}
{loginbox-password}
{loginbox-remember}
Remember Me
{recaptcha}
{loginbox-submit}
JOIN OUR COMMUNITY
Just one step to success!
Don't Miss Out!
Stay in touch with us by receiving our monthly newsletter of new recipes and related food posts.
Aussie Taste
Recipe Newsletter
Subscribe to our newsletter and keep up with our latest recipes and cooking information.
Subscribe Now
Fresh berries straight from da woods. Get a 50% discount by subscribing to our free newsletter.
Cooking is Easy
Do you like lobsters? We teach chefs to cook better. Subscribe now and get a free invitation to our cooking class!
We never share your data with 3rd parties.
2018 (С) All rights reserved.
Aussie Taste
Subscribe to our newsletter and get cooking help, food information, and wholesome healthy recipes
2017 (C) All rights reserved.
Aussie Taste Recipes
Enjoy our recipe newsletter with plenty of cooking information and straight forward recipes
Follow Us.
This is Photoshop's version of Lorem Ipsum. Proin gravida nibh vel velit auctor aliquet. Aenean sollicitudin, lorem quis bibendum auctot mauris. Morbi accumsan ipsum velit. Nam nec tellus a odio tincidunt auctor a ornare odio. Sed non taciti sociosqu.
2017 (C) All rights reserved.