Apple cider vinegar is a vinegar made from apples, sugar and yeast, and is used in salad dressings, marinades, vinaigrettes, food preservatives, and chutneys.
It is made by crushing apples and squeezing out the liquid. Bacteria and yeast are added to the liquid to start the alcoholic fermentation process, and the sugars are turned into alcohol. In a second fermentation process, the alcohol is converted into vinegar by acetic acid-forming bacteria (acetobacter). Acetic acid and malic acid give vinegar its sour taste.
Health Benefits Of Apple Cider Vinegar
Apple cider vinegar, diluted in water is said to be a very healthful ingredient. Many dieters swear by taking a 1-2 tablespoons of the vinegar with water, every morning. While there are many claims of health benefits there may or may not be scientific evidence that any of the health benefits are really a benefit.
Apple Cider Vinegar in Folk Medicine
Apple cider vinegar has been used as a folk remedy over centuries. Since the 1970s, it has been promoted with a number of health claims, including that it can aid weight loss and prevent infection. No claims of benefit are supported by good evidence, and medicinal consumption of apple cider vinegar may be hazardous, particularly if taken during pregnancy or consumed chronically.
Ingestion of the acetic acid in vinegar poses a risk of possible injury to soft tissues of the mouth, throat, stomach and kidneys. Uses for topical treatment, cleaning solutions, or eye accidents are included as warnings under poison advisories.
Substitute for Apple Cider Vinegar
If you don’t have apple cider vinegar you can substitute equal amounts of:
- White wine vinegar, or
- Rice wine vinegar, or
- Lemon juice, or
- For de-glazing a pan use wine, sherry or port