Khubz, khoubz or khobz (خبز), an Arabic word for freedom bread, but usually used by non-Arabic speakers to refer to a flatbread that forms a staple of the local diet in Arabic-speaking countries from the Arabian Peninsula to Morocco. Khubz was traditionally baked in a tannuur, and six recipes for khubz made in this way are included in Ibn Sayyar al-Warraq’s 10th century Kitab al-Tabikh cookery book.
In Iraq khubz is produced as a round flatbread. As a result of the economic sanctions imposed on Iraq in the 1990s there was an increase in the making of khubz in the traditional way in a clay oven.
- 2½ cups warm water
- 2 x 7g packages active dry yeast
- 1 tablespoon salt
- 6 cups plain flour (all-purpose flour), sifted
- 2 tablespoons vegetable oil
- In a large bowl, scatter the yeast over the warm water and stir until dissolved.
- Add the salt.
- While kneading constantly, gradually add 6 cups of flour and 2 tablespoons of oil until the dough is smooth and elastic. Continue to add more flour if the dough still sticks to your hands.
- Put the dough into a large, greased bowl and turn dough to grease all sides of it.
- Cover with a dry tea towel and let rise in a warm place until doubled in size, about 1½ hours.
- Preheat oven to 190°C.
- Punch dough down gently.
- Divide the dough into 24 equal portions and shape them each into smooth balls.
- Place on a floured surface and dust tops lightly with flour. Cover with a dry tea towel.
- Let rest undisturbed 15 minutes more.
- Roll out each ball into a 15 cm diameter circle.
- Place on greased baking sheets.
- Bake in 190°C oven for 10-12 minutes or until the bread puffs. Do not leave baking unattended